AskDefine | Define same

Dictionary Definition

same adj
1 same in identity; "the same man I saw yesterday"; "never wore the same dress twice"; "this road is the same one we were on yesterday"; "on the same side of the street" [ant: other]
2 closely similar or comparable in kind or quality or quantity or degree; "curtains the same color as the walls"; "two girls of the same age"; "mother and son have the same blue eyes"; "animals of the same species"; "the same rules as before"; "two boxes having the same dimensions"; "the same day next year" [ant: different]
3 equal in amount or value; "like amounts"; "equivalent amounts"; "the same amount"; "gave one six blows and the other a like number"; "an equal number"; "the same number" [syn: like, equal, equivalent] [ant: unlike]
4 unchanged in character or nature; "the village stayed the same"; "his attitude is the same as ever" [syn: same(p)] adv : in the same manner; "you get treated fairly, same as any other student in this course!"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /seɪm/, /seIm/
  • Rhymes: -eɪm

Etymology

Via from lang=non

Pronoun

  1. the identical thing, ditto
    The same can be said of him.
  2. something similar, something of the identical type
    She's having apple pie? I'll have the same.
    You two are just the same.

Translations

the identical thing
  • Czech: tentýž
  • Esperanto: samo
  • Finnish: samaa i partitive
  • French: même
  • German: derselbe
  • Hebrew: אותו ה... [hoto ha] , אותה ה... [hota ha]
  • Hungarian: ugyanaz
  • Italian: stesso
  • Japanese: qualifier state 同じこと; qualifier material 同じもの; qualifier person 同じひと
  • Latin: idem
  • Norwegian: samme
  • Novial: samu, samum
  • Portuguese: mesmo
  • Russian: самый
  • Slovene: isto
  • Spanish: mismo
something similar, something of the identical type
  • Czech: stejný
  • Finnish: samaa i partitive
  • French: même
  • Hungarian: ugyanaz, azonos
  • Japanese: qualifier state 同じこと; qualifier material 同じもの; qualifier person 同じひと
  • Norwegian: samme
  • Novial: samu, samum
  • Slovene: isto
  • Spanish: mismo

Adjective

  1. identical
    Are you the same person who phoned me yesterday?
  2. similar, alike
    You have the same hair I do!

Antonyms

Translations

identical
  • Czech: tentýž
  • Esperanto: sama
  • Finnish: sama
  • French: même
  • German: selbe, derselbe
  • Hungarian: ugyanaz, ugyanez, ugyanolyan, ugyanilyen
  • Irish: ionann
  • Italian: stesso
  • Japanese: 同じ
  • Korean: 똑같다
  • Norwegian: samme
  • Novial: sami
  • Portuguese: mesmo
  • Slovene: isti , ista , isto
  • Spanish: mismo
  • Yiddish: זעלב (zelb), זעלביק (zelbik)
similar, alike
  • Czech: stejný
  • Finnish: samanlainen
  • French: même
  • German: gleich
  • Irish: céanna
  • Japanese: 同じ
  • Korean: 같다
  • Norwegian: samme
  • Novial: simili
  • Slovene: isti , ista , isto
  • Spanish: mismo
  • Yiddish: זעלב (zelb), זעלביק (zelbik)

See also

Japanese

Noun

  1. : shark.

Norwegian

Noun

  1. Sami; person of the Sami people

Synonyms

Related terms

Swedish

Noun

same
  1. Sami; person of the Sami people

Synonyms

Related terms

Extensive Definition

In philosophy, identity (also called sameness) is whatever makes an entity definable and recognizable, in terms of possessing a set of qualities or characteristics that distinguish it from entities of a different type. Or, in layman's terms, identity is whatever makes something the same or different. This includes operational definition that either yields a yes or no value for whether a thing is present in a field of observation, or that distinguishes the thing from its background, allowing one to determine what is and what is not included in it. Also see pattern recognition.

Logic of identity

In logic, the identity relation is normally defined as the relation that holds only between a thing and itself. That is, identity is the two-place predicate, "=", such that for all x and y, "x = y" is true iff x is the same thing as y. Identity is transitive, symmetric, and reflexive. It is an axiom of most normal modal logics that for all x, if x = x then necessarily x = x. (These definitions are of course inapplicable in some areas of quantified logic, such as fuzzy logic and fuzzy set theory, and with respect to vague objects.)

Metaphysics of identity

Metaphysicians, and sometimes philosophers of language and mind, ask other questions:
  • What does it mean for an object to be the same as itself?
  • If x and y are identical (are the same thing), must they always be identical? Are they necessarily identical?
  • What does it mean for an object to be the same, if it changes over time? (Is applet the same as applet+1?)
  • If an object's parts are entirely replaced over time, as in the Ship of Theseus example, in what way is it the same?
A traditional view is that of Gottfried Leibniz, who held that x is the same as y if and only if every predicate true of x is true of y as well.
Leibniz's ideas have taken root in the philosophy of mathematics, where they have influenced the development of the predicate calculus as Leibniz's law. Mathematicians sometimes distinguish identity from equality. More mundanely, an identity in mathematics may be an equation that holds true for all values of a variable. Hegel argued that things are inherently self-contradictory and that the notion of something being self-identical only made sense if it were not also not-identical or different from itself and did not also imply the latter. In Hegel's words, "Identity is the identity of identity and non-identity." More recent metaphysicians have discussed trans-world identity -- the notion that there can be the same object in different possible worlds. An alternative to trans-world identity is the counterpart relation in Counterpart theory. It is a similarity relation that rejects trans-world individuals and instead defends an objects counterpart - the most similar object.

Qualitative versus numerical identity

Arbitrary objects a and b can be said to be qualitatively identical if a and b are duplicates, that is, if a and b are exactly similar in all respects, that is, if a and b have all qualitative properties in common. Examples of this might be two wine glasses made in the same wine glass factory on the same production line (at least, for a relaxed standard of exact similarity), or a carbon atom in one's left hand and a carbon atom in one's right shoulder (perhaps true even for the most strict standard of exact similarity).
Alternatively, a and b can be said to be numerically identical if a and b are one and the same thing, that is, if a is b, that is, if there is only one thing variously called "a" and "b". For example, Clark Kent is numerically identical with Superman in the sense that there is only one person (who happens to wear different clothes at different times). This relationship is expressed in mathematics with the "=" symbol, e.g., a = b, or Clark Kent = Superman.

See also

;General: Being positive philosophy, The Golden Rule, Personal identity, Shunyata, Pseudonymity, ontological difference

External articles and references

Books and publications

General Information

  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Identity, First published Wed Dec 15, 2004; substantive revision Sun Oct 1, 2006.
  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Identity over time. First published Fri 18 March 2005.
  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Personal identity. First published Tue Aug 20, 2002; substantive revision Tue Feb 20, 2007.
  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Relative identity. First published Mon 22 April 2002.
  • Erich Fromm Interview Excerpt. youtube.com.
same in Bulgarian: Самоличност
same in Danish: Identitet
same in German: Identität
same in Modern Greek (1453-): ταυτότητα
same in Lithuanian: Identitetas
same in Japanese: 同一性
same in Russian: Тождество (философия)
same in Slovenian: identiteta
same in Finnish: Identiteetti (filosofia)

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Doppelganger, Tweedledum and Tweedledee, actual thing, aforementioned, aforenamed, aforesaid, alike, all one, all the same, anyhow, anyway, at any rate, beforementioned, boring, but, carbon copy, changeless, coequal, comparable, consistent, constant, consubstantial, copy, dead heat, dead ringer, deadlock, ditto, double, drab, draw, duplicate, equal, equivalent, even break, even so, exact, exact counterpart, exactly alike, facsimile, fair shake, for all that, foregoing, forementioned, forenamed, former, gray, homograph, homonym, homoousian, homophone, humdrum, idem, identic, identical, identical same, in any case, in any event, indistinguishable, invariable, just alike, just the same, knotted score, like, monotonous, named, neck-and-neck race, nevertheless, no other, none other, nonetheless, notwithstanding, one, photo finish, regardless, repetitive, replica, said, samely, selfsame, similar, spit and image, spitting image, stalemate, standoff, synonym, tantamount, tedious, the same, the same difference, tie, twin, unaltered, unchanged, unchanging, undifferent, unfailing, uniform, unmodified, unrelieved, unvaried, unvarying, verbatim, very, very image, very same, without difference, without distinction, word-for-word, yet
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